Intro to Econ: Second Lecture – Arbitrage with Exchange Rates

The take away from the first class is that people pursue goals, that this leads to systematic patterns of behavior, and that these patterns are somewhat understandable, perhaps even somewhat predictable to an analyst. The particular goal we talked about in the first class was that people try to avoid wasting time. In the end I talked about queuing behavior that can be understood as a consequence of this goal: for example, we expect roughly equally long queues at supermarket checkout points and roughly equally fast queues in traffic jams.

Another goal that most people share is this. People, “ceteris paribus”, tend to prefer more money over less. The expression “ceteris paribus” means “all else equal”. I might be reluctant to accept extra money if this means someone is allowed to hit me on the head. But I generally will be happy to receive extra money if this does not come with any extra obligations.

Continue reading